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The Biloxi





The tribal organization of this people has disappeared. When the few
survivors were visited by the author at Lecompte, Louisiana, in 1892 and
1893, they gave him the names of three of the clans of the Biloxi, descent
being reckoned in the female line. These clans are: 1, Ita anyadi, Deer
people; 2, On{~LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED T~}i anyadi, Bear people; 3, Naqotodca anyadi, Alligator
people. Most of the survivors belong to the Deer clan. The kinship system
of the Biloxi is more complicated than that of any other tribe of the
stock; in fact, more than that of any of the tribes visited by the author.
The names of 53 kinship groups are still remembered, but there are at
least a dozen others whose names have been forgotten. Where the cegiha
language, for example, has but one term for grandchild, and one grandchild
group, the Biloxi has at least fourteen. In the ascending series the
Dakota and cegiha do not have any terms beyond grandfather and
grandmother. But for each sex the Biloxi has terms for at least three
degrees beyond the grandparent. The cegiha has but one term for father's
sister and one for mother's brother, father's brother being father, and
mother's sister mother. But the Biloxi has distinct terms (and groups)
for father's elder sister, father's younger sister, father's elder
brother, father's younger brother, and so on for the mother's elder and
younger brothers and sisters. The Biloxi distinguishes between an elder
sister's son and the son of a younger sister, and so between the daughter
of an elder sister and a younger sister's daughter. A Biloxi man may not
marry his wife's brother's daughter, nor his wife's father's sister,
differing in this respect from a Dakota, an Omaha, a Ponka, etc; but he
can marry his deceased wife's sister. A Biloxi woman may marry the brother
of her deceased husband. Judging from the analogy furnished by the Kansa
tribe it was very probably the rule before the advent of the white race
that a Biloxi man could not marry a woman of his own clan.





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Previous: The Crow Or Absaroka



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